Technology and innovation have bestowed various machines upon us. There was a time when workers had to lift massive loads with their hands. The present age has made the lifting assignment simple. Likewise, it is effortless to move heavy objects from one corner to another, thanks to lifting machines.
What is Lifting Equipment?
Lifting equipment is essentially any machine used for raising or lowering loads. This also includes all accessories used to get the job done. Lifting equipment can be classified based on the type of machine, lifting mechanism involved, nature of the installation, and area of application.
Based on the type, lifting mechanism some lifting machines can be classified as:
- Forklifts – Used to move items within a short distance
- Stackers – Used for piling bulk materials such as cereals on a stockpile
- Hoists –Used to pull heavy objects upwards
- Robot Arms – A programmable mechanical arm, used to raise and move objects within a defined space.
Based on the nature of the installation, lifting machines can be classified as:
- Overhead – Mostly found in industrial environments, overhead lifts feature parallel runways in an overhead space
- Fulcrum – A lifting system installed with supporting counterweights which are used to lift and balance the load
- Vehicle Mounted – A lifting system mounted on a truck body, used for loading and unloading, and also for construction works
Based on the mechanism involved, lifting equipment can be classified as:
- Electrical – Powered by electricity
- Pneumatic – Powered by compressed air
- Hydraulic – Powered by liquids, which implies that they are the liquid counterparts of pneumatic systems.
Based on the area of application, lifting machines can be classified as:
- Process industry
- Manufacturing industry
- Warehousing industry
Lifting equipment is meant to be used in applications that require lifting of heavy loads, or when the loads have to be lifted repeatedly. The use of lifting equipment is all about increasing productivity and making the working environment safer.
Utbyggnad av skollokaler
Många skollokaler är i behov av renovering. I många kommuner återfinns skolor som uppfördes på 20–30 talet, dessa är nu i behov av renovering för att erbjuda en god studiemiljö. Moderna och tillgänglighetsanpassade skollokaler är i fokus och viktiga punkter som utomhusmiljö och ventilation är av stor vikt.
Vissa skolor i Stockholm byggdes på 1920-talet och många av dessa står inför växande elevkullar och problem med omoderna salar. Barn- och grundskolenämnden beslutade på många orter under året att man skall påbörja byggandet och projektering av nya skolbyggnader samt renovering av befintliga skollokaler. I fokus för ombyggnationerna ser vi buller, tillgänglighetsanpassning och ventilationen. Utöver detta väntas även renoveringar och nybyggda idrottshallar. Skolgårdar väntas även bli större i led med att utomhusmiljön även prioriteras.
Bättre skollokaler – bättre studiemiljö
Kommunerna arbetar för att värna en god arbetsmiljö för elever såväl som lärare. Då många skolor byggdes för länge sedan och inte huvudsakligen är anpassade för dagens undervisning beslutade många kommuner att detta arbete ska genomföras. För att lyckas måste kommunen och privata aktörer hjälpas åt. När det gäller fristående skolor som äger sina lokaler skall kommunen fungera som en myndighet. Detta för att snabbt kunna bevilja bygglov, detaljplan och andra tillstånd. Om fristående skolor hyr sina lokaler skall kommuner agera hyresvärdar. De skall kunna erbjuda moderna och ändamålsenliga lokaler till rimliga hyror. För att privata skolor skall hålla bra kvalitet krävs bra skollokaler. För kommunala skolor krävs god planering och tydliga mål med ombyggnationerna. Det skall finnas ett helhets- och framtidstänk där man planerar lokalerna så att de även skall kunna nyttjas efter studietid. På detta sätt ökar helhetsvärdet av skolan och dess lokaler.
I’ve been a farmer for a number of years now and I find that there are just not enough articles about how to properly store grain. For that reason alone, I have compiled my own list of tips on the subject. These are based on my own experiences on the subject.
After you have used up last years grain it time to clean the storage unit out. A years worth of grain will attract a large amount of very gross pests. This includes mites, spiders and sometimes even mice. Perhaps the biggest scourge of my time storing grain is the dreaded grain beetle. If you get an infestation it can wreak havoc on your profits. You can prevent this early with a preemptive cleaning.
Be aware of weather
Of course the ideal place to store the grain would be in an environment that is both cool and dry. In my experience the annoying fact is that weather will not always be on your side. For that reason it is important to weather proof your storage area adequately.
One of the biggest mistakes to make is to leave the grain unattended for weeks at a time and assume that all will be in order. Never do this! It is always important to constantly monitor the grain, preferable at least once a week. This will mean that if any issues do arise, then you can quickly deal with them.
Be aware of deterioration
One of the biggest problems that can face any farmer is the possibility of the grain deteriorating. This can be an absolute nightmare. In my first year as an independent farmer I made plenty of mistakes that led to me losing a large share of my crops. One of the biggest mistakes was not recognising deterioration. Keeping an eye out will prevent this.
Contract manufacturing is a business practice in which one business (let’s call it X) tasks another one (let’s call it Y) to produce parts or whole products for it. The two businesses may be located in the same or different countries or regions. It is a popular form of outsourcing among huge businesses the world over.
Company X is referred to as the client while company Y is referred to as the Contract manufacturer/Contract Manufacturing Organization (CMO).
- Why would companies use contract manufacturing?
Business may decide to outsource their manufacturing to another company for a host of reasons, which may include:
- The need to have high-quality products especially when the contract manufacturer has great expertise and experience in the area
- Lowering production cost by engaging manufacturers who are near an emerging market e.g an American vehicle company may contract a Europen company to produce cars for its European market
- To enable the client to focus on other aspects of business like sales, marketing, and brand building
- How does contract manufacturing work?
Once a business settles on contract manufacturing as a mode of operation, it comes out with specifications of the product it wants to be manufactured. These include product design, color, and branding. It then sends out a partnership request notice to potential CMO’s and asks for quotations.
The CMOs hand in their quotations and contract expectations, which the client assesses and settles on the best CMO to partner with and goes ahead to enter a contractual agreement.
Depending on the agreement, the contractor may use its own raw materials or get them from the client. Contract manufacturers are oftentimes involved in the production of similar products for competing companies.
- Which are the popular industries that use contract manufacturing?
The practice of contract manufacturing is popular among major industries like pharmaceutical, automotive, aerospace, packaging, and computer production among others.
Popular contract manufacturers include Flextronics Singapore (electronics), Celestica (Electronics), and jabil Circuit.
Production industry is the definition of the production of goods for use or sale. This refers to a wide range of human activity, from controlling high-tech machines to handicraft, but its most commonly applied to industrial production. It is where raw materials are processed into finished goods, usually on a large scale. It is common that the whole process from raw materials to the finished product involves several different manufacturing processes. For example, when it comes to the manufacturing of a sofa, there are numerous processes involved. One process is for turning iron into screws, one for turning wood into planks, one for turning silk or plastic into textile and stuffing and finally one manufacturing process for putting the sofa together.
The history of the production industry
In the beginning, production industry was usually carried out single-handedly. You had one “artisan” carrying out the whole process. For example, in the medieval age, you had smiths who turned iron ore into iron and iron into weapons or tools. This was commonly the process until the Industrial Revolution
The industrial revolution is sort of the transition from these single-handed processes to the large-scale manufacturing processes as seen today. The revolution began in Great Britain, where many of the technological innovations were found. Britain was in the mid-18th century world leading in the commercial industry. At this time Britain was controlling a global trading empire, with its colonies in Africa and North America. The country also had some political influence on the Indian subcontinent. This was due to the activities of the East India Company.
The production industry has changed since the industrial revolution, but its general structure is directly based on the process found this time. Our next step or revolution is debated to be the rise of automated robots or AIs.